İngilizcede kaç zamir vardır ve bunlar nerelerde nasıl kullanılır

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Yudumla ve Soru(lar) ve Cevap(lar) Bölümünden İngilizcede kaç zamir vardır ve bunlar nerelerde nasıl kullanılır ile ilgili Kısaca Bilgi
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    Cevap: PERSONAL PRONOUNS: SUBJECT vs OBJECT.: I, ME, SHE, HER...
    (ŞAHIS ZAMİRLERİ)

    Kişilerin veya neslerin yerine kullanılan Şahıs Zamirleri “Personal Pronouns” , cümle içerisinde bulundukları yere ya da yerine kullanıldıkları şahıslara göre değişirler.( Subject or Object Pronoun)

    TEKİL
    ŞAHIS

    ÖZNE ZAMİRLERİ

    NESNE
    ZAMİRLERİ
    1st person

    I

    me

    you

    him

    her

    it

    2nd person

    you





    3rd person

    he

    she

    it

    ÇOĞUL ŞAHIS

    ÖZNE ZAMİRLERİ

    NESNE
    ZAMİRLERİ
    1st person

    we

    us

    you

    them

    2nd person

    you

    3rd person

    they



    Bir cümlede yerine şahıs zamiri kullanılablicek isimler ya Özne ( subject ) ya da Nesne ( Object ) konumundadır. Dolayısı ile bu şahıs zamirlerini Fiilden önce gelenler ( Subject Pronouns) ve Fiilden sonra gelenler ( Object Pronouns) olarak ikiye ayırabiliriz.

    Jack Sees George
     verb 
    He Sees him

    Örnekler:

     I don't like that man. He never smiles.
     I don't like that man. I saw him in the Ladies room

     Sarah is a very successful student. She passes every class easily.
     Sarah is a very successful student. I admire her much.


    POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES: MY,YOUR,HIS,HER,...
    ( SAHİPLİK SIFATLARI )

    Sahiplik sıfatları bahsedilen ismin kime ait olduğunu gösterirler.

    PERSON ADJECTIVES
    1st (I) my
    2nd (you) your
    3rd (he) his
    (she) her
    (it) its
    Plural
    1st (we) our
    2nd (you) your
    3rd (they) their
    Sahiplik sıfatları ismlerin önünde kullanılırlar ve o ismin kime ve ya neye ait olduğunu gösterirler.

    Mary’s brother is married to John’s sister.
    Her brother is married to his sister.

    a. Ted and his sister are here
    b. Mary and her father are not in the living room.
    c. Do you know where your books are?

    My father is an expert at the Keystone LTD.

    5.3 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS: MINE, YOURS, HIS, HERS,...
    ( SAHİPLİK ZAMİRLERİ)

    Sahiplik zamirleri bir sahiplik sıfatı + isim yerine kullanılır.

    PERSON ADJECTIVES PRONOUNS

    (I) my mine
    (you) your yours
    he his his
    she her hers
    it it its
    we our ours
    you your yours
    they their theirs
    Örnekler:
    • This is my book.
    This book is mine • That is your book.
    This book is yours • This is his book.
    This book is his

    • This is her book.
    This book is hers. • These are our books.
    These books are ours. • These are your books.
    These are yours.

    REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS: MYSELF, YOURSELF, HERSELF
    ( DÖNÜŞLÜ ZAMİRLER)

    a) Dönüşlü Zamirler, Öznenin yaptığı işten yine kendinin etkilendiğini ve işin yine kendine döndüğünü gösterir.

    Singular Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns
    1st person I me myself
    2nd person you you yourself


    3rd person he him himself
    she her herself
    it it itself
    Plural Subject Pronouns object pronouns Reflexive pronouns
    1st person we us ourselves
    2nd person you you yourselves
    3rd person they them themselves

    Örnek :
     She encouraged herself to do well.
     Juanita, Carlos, and I have deceived ourselves into believing in my uncle.
     You and Carlos have deceived yourselves.

    b) Dönüşlü zamirler İngilizce de aynı zamanda Vurgu amaçlı kullanılabilirler. Bu dönüşlü zamirleri hemen Öznenin arkasından kullanarak yapılır:

    Örnek:
    I myself finished the job!
    You yourself have to do all this!

    c) by + reflexive pronoun: tek başına, yanlız...

    Amy lives by herself.
    Ted can’t do this by himself. Go and help him.
    I want to sit here by myself! Please leave me alone







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